persecution

Active hostility to a group, other than military action, or mob violence against an individual (as Acts 7:57–8). The Jews suffered persecution when Antiochus Epiphanes (175–164 BCE) attempted to absorb them into his Hellenistic culture and condemned to death (1 Macc. 1:41–61) those who refused to cease practising the rite of circumcision and the food regulations. In the NT persecutions are both prophesied (Matt. 5:10–12) and described, but they come more from Jewish antagonism than official Roman policy, or at any rate according to the reports in the Acts. It is clear from 1 Pet. 4:16 that Christian faith could lead to suffering, but it is not certain that this verse implies that being a Christian was itself an indictable offence. There was, however, a persecution against Christians by Nero after the fire in Rome of 64 CE; and correspondence between the governor in Bithynia, Pliny the Younger, in 110 CE and the emperor Trajan suggests a formal state policy to get rid of uncompromising Christians; the similarity of that situation with 1 Pet. 4:15–19 is an argument (though not a conclusive one) for putting the date of this epistle into the early years of the 2nd cent. Actual experience of concerted persecution does seem to be implied by Rev. 13 through the threats of the emperor Domitian (81–96 CE), who wished to be called ‘Lord and God’.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PERSÉCUTION — Persécuter, ce fut d’abord suivre ou poursuivre en justice (persequi ), jusqu’au bout. Les persécutions du pouvoir romain contre les chrétiens et celles de l’Inquisition contre les hérétiques furent des actions judiciaires régulièrement menées.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Persecution — is the systematic mistreatment of an individual/group by another group. The most common forms are religious persecution, ethnic persecution, and political persecution, though there is naturally some overlap between these terms. International… …   Wikipedia

  • Persecution — • The unlawful coercion of another s liberty or his unlawful punishment Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Persecution     Persecution      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • persecution — Persecution. s. f. v. Vexation, poursuite injuste & violente. L Evangile dit, Heureux sont ceux qui souffrent persecution pour la justice. toutes les persecutions qu on a faites aux Chrestiens n ont servi qu à augmenter la Religion Chrestienne.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • persecution — mid 14c., oppression for the holding of a belief or opinion, from O.Fr. persecution (12c.), from L. persecutionem (nom. persecutio), noun of action from persequi pursue, start a legal action, from per through + sequi follow (see SEQUEL (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • persecution — per·se·cu·tion n: punishment or harassment usu. of a severe nature on the basis of race, religion, or political opinion in one s country of origin claimed persecution and sought asylum Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Persecution — Per se*cu tion, n. [F. pers[ e]cution, L. persecutio.] 1. The act or practice of persecuting; especially, the infliction of loss, pain, or death for adherence to a particular creed or mode of worship. [1913 Webster] Persecution produces no… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Persecution — Persecution, lat. deutsch, Verfolgung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • persecution — Persecution, Vexatio, Afflictio …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • persecution — [pʉr΄sə kyo͞o′shən] n. [ME persecucion < OFr < L persecutio] a persecuting or being persecuted …   English World dictionary

  • Persécution — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Une persécution est un type d oppression consistant à appliquer à une personne ou un groupe de personnes des mesures ou des traitements injustes, violents …   Wikipédia en Français

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